Tweet
 
125 years ago: First bus with combustion engine from Benz & Cie

125 years ago: First bus with combustion engine from Benz & Cie

24.03.2020: Benz & Cie. delivered the first bus with a combustion engine on 12 March 1895 Premiere in the scheduled regular service connecting Siegen, Netphen and Deuz

    Benz & Cie. delivered the first bus with a combustion engine on 12 March 1895

    Premiere in the scheduled regular service connecting Siegen, Netphen and Deuz




photo caption: Benz combustion engine bus based on the Benz Landauer with eight seats, delivered on 12 March 1895 to Netphener Omnibus-Gesellschaft for scheduled regular service on the Siegen-Netphen-Deuz route. Coloured drawing from the 1980s.



    Combustion engine revolutionised the segment once dominated by horse-drawn carriages and steam buses

    Today: Daimler Buses with battery-electric bus models and fuel cell drive technology





Since 2018, the all-electric eCitaro city bus with a battery pack has been assembled at the Mercedes-Benz plant in Mannheim. From 2022 onwards, a variant with fuel cell technology for generating on-board electric power from hydrogen is planned as a range extender.



These buses with their alternative propulsion systems play a key role in Daimler’s transition toward CO2-neutral passenger transport and bring things full circle. As on 12 March 1895, 125 years ago, automotive manufacturer Benz & Cie. ─   also in Mannheim ─   delivered the first bus with a combustion engine (an alternative drivetrain at the time) to Rheinische Gasmotoren Fabrik.



The vehicle was based on the Benz Landauer. This model was the largest car offered by Benz & Cie. and was based on the four-wheeled Benz models Victoria and Vis-à-Vis featuring a double-pivot steering system built from 1893 onwards. The bus had a total of eight seats. By comparison, the modern Mercedes-Benz CapaCity L articulated bus for popular routes in large cities can accommodate up to 191 passengers.




World premiere for scheduled regular service


The first Benz combustion engine bus was used by Netphener Omnibus-Gesellschaft. The company ordered it from Benz & Cie. on 19 December 1894 and used the vehicle from 18 March 1895 on the Siegen-Netphen-Deuz route. On 29 March 1895, the company ordered a second bus, which Benz & Cie. delivered on 26 June 1895.



 Both buses were powered by a horizontal, single-cylinder engine in the rear with a standing flywheel and a displacement of 2.9 litres. The engine featured an automatic intake valve and controlled exhaust valve and was rated at 3.7 kW (5 hp). Cooling took the form of evaporative cooling, and a battery-powered high-voltage buzzer ignition was used for the ignition system.



A period description of the first bus with an internal combustion engine referenced a lattice roof for luggage, the “Siegen-Netphen-Deuz” lettering on the sides and numbered seats. The equipment configuration also included solid rubber spare tyres for the rear wheels and one front wheel.



The second bus was similarly equipped but also has a signal bell. Other Benz combustion engine buses based on the Landauer were delivered to Vegesack (Schild & Cie.) and Nordenham (Johann Janssen). Additional customers came from Tyrol and Bitterfeld.





Historical turning point



The premiere of the scheduled regular service of a bus with a combustion engine operated by Netphener Omnibus-Gesellschaft lasted only until the winter of 1895/96, at which point line service was stopped in part due to the high demands placed on vehicles by the slippery winter roads.



12 March 1895 nevertheless became a turning point in the history of passenger transport as it marked the start of a technical transformation in bus transport service, whereby people said goodbye to horse-drawn buses and steam-powered drives and hello to the combustion engine. Today, the bus industry is once again in the midst of a technical transformation ─ this time, however, electric power is the game changer.




Bus trip through the Mercedes-Benz Museum




The delivery of the first Benz combustion engine bus marks the beginning of the highly successful 125-year history of Mercedes-Benz buses and coaches with their numerous and varied highlights. Included among them are the Mercedes-Benz O 321 H, which was assembled from 1954 to 1964 and celebrated its 65th birthday in 2019.



Numerous exhibits at the Mercedes-Benz Museum also bear witness to this multifaceted development. An authentic reconstruction of the Benz combustion engine bus, for example, which was built using OEM parts, can be taken in by museum visitors in Legend Room 1: Pioneers ─ The Invention of the Automobile, 1886 to 1900.





The two buses delivered to Netphener Omnibus-Gesellschaft have not been preserved. A Mercedes-Benz O 303 coach from 1979 is one of the exhibits on display in Legend Room 5: Visionaries ─ Safety and Environment, 1960 to 1982. This model series set the standard in vehicle safety for buses. Not only was the O 303 the first bus used to conduct systematic rollover tests, but it was also the first bus model worldwide to be equipped with an ABS anti-lock braking system.



The Mercedes-Benz Museum showcases six buses in Collection Room 1: Gallery of Voyagers. The line-up ranges from the British Milnes-Daimler double-decker bus from the early 20th century and the Mercedes-Benz O 2600 all-weather touring bus from the 1930s to the O 3500 all-weather touring bus from the 1950s and the brightly painted Brazilian LO 1112 from 1969. An O 305 standard regular-service bus from 1980 and a Mercedes-Benz Travego from the 2009+ generation round off the exhibition in this room.



Last but not least, the Mercedes-Benz O 10000 city and long-distance bus from the late 1930s, which was converted into a mobile post office in Austria, is on display in Collection Room 2 ─ Gallery of Voyagers, as is the Mercedes-Benz O 302 coach in Collection Room 4 ─ Gallery of Names. This vehicle corresponds in great detail to the team bus used by the German national football team during the 1974 Football World Cup held in Germany. It is one of only two vehicle exhibits at the museum in which visitors can take a seat!





    Ralph Wagenknecht- photos Mercedes


Permanent-URL: http://www.automobilsport.com/125years-ago-first-bus-combustion-engine-benz-cie---205457.html

24.03.2020 / MaP

More News

Zaniroli Classic Events - Covid-19: Modifications of schedule
22.03.2020
THE 13ST TRANSMAROC POSTPONED FROM 11th to 17th NOVEMBERTHE 21st RICHARD MILLE PRINCESSES RALLY POSTPONED FROM 12th to 17th SEPTEMBERTHE 5st ALPS TROPHY IS CANCELLED! For obvious public health reasons, all sporting, cultu more >>
Saar-Lor-Lux Classique 2020 cancelled, new date for 2021
20.03.2020
According to the latest guidelines of the Saarland state government, we are no longer able to offer an Int. Saar-Lor-Lux Classique 2020 according to your and our requirements. Due to the closure of the state border to France, for example, more >>
Concorso d’Eleganza Villa d’Este Postponement to October 2020
20.03.2020
In light of current events and growing measures to contain the coronavirus, not to mention our duty of care towards our guests and staff, it is with a heavy heart that the Organisation Team of the Concorso d’Eleganza Villa d’Este has decided not to proceed with this year’s edition on the planned dates (22nd to 24th May, 2020). Instead, we plan to hold the event from Octo more >>
Tiger Tasmania Rally
18.03.2020
A new automotive adventure ‘down under’ from Bespoke RalliesLiving up to its reputation for delivering innovative classic motoring experiences, Bespoke Rallies is running a 25-day 5,763km adventure in Tasmania and Victoria state, Australia, this more >>
Balkan Classic Rallye in a new form
13.03.2020
Balkan Classic Rallye for historic cars and young timers in the end of June 2020: rally experience on dirt and gravel roads to fall in love with.   Balkan Classic Rallye will take place in a reborn form in 2020. The concept is innovative: Balkan Classic more >>
Ready for Rally Costa Brava, Spain oldest rally for classic cars
11.03.2020
European Historic Rally ChampionshipRally Costa Brava 13-14 March 2020   The 68 Rally Costa Brava, Spain’s oldest and most important rally for classic cars, will, once again, be the host for the opening round of the 2020 F more >>
Trophée des Alpes Entries open now
03.03.2020
To September 13th to 17th, 2020 Registration for the 5th edition Trophee des Alpes (Trophy is open.Four days of regularity or hiking from Vals-les-Bains (Ardèche) birth  placce of the Monte Carlo Rally! more >>
Historic F1 at GP de France 2020
27.02.2020
You do not want to lose the chance to take part ?exhibit and/or ride on the legendary Paul Ricard circuit in France before the F1 Grand Prix 2020Reserved for more >>
Spa-Classic from 22-24 May 2020, entry form
27.02.2020
Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, BelgiumSPA Classic entry form download here Difficult to believe that it’s already the tenth running of Spa-Classic! The drivers really more >>
Thornley Kelham begins restoration on rare Mussolini-owned Alfa Romeo 6C 1750 SS
20.02.2020
•    Thornley Kelham has begun perhaps its most challenging restoration project yet; a full concours-level rebuild of a rare Mussolini-owned Alfa Romeo 6C 1750 Super Sport (3rd Series) Chassis Number 6C0312898•    Period documents show the car was delivered on the 13th January 1930 to Supremo Eccellenza il Cav. Benito Mussolini, more >>
The London Classic Car Show - Expert line-up tell their ‘Car Stories’
10.02.2020
•    Adrian Newey OBE shares his love story of the Lotus 49B, the car that ignited his passion for motorsport•    Ian Callum CBE presents the new Aston Martin Vanquish 25 by CALLUM, a retelling of his original Vanquish design •    Paul Spires showcases the Aston Martin DB5 Goldfinger Con more >>
Peking to Paris Motor Challenge 2022 Launched in Paris 4th February
04.02.2020
- General route revealed, with a sting in the tail!- Faithful to the Legacy, more exciting competition sections with increased navigational challenge- On event support strengthened- Entries open today, following more than 700 expressions of interest more >>
Peking to Paris Motor Challenge 2022 Facts and Stats
04.02.2020
What is it? The world’s biggest motoring challenge for Vintage and Classic cars. 2022 will be the 8th edition, the first was in 1907. P2P takes place every three years, but what does it take to stage such an event?Distance: 9000 miles/ 14,200 kms more >>
HERO ERA to implement comprehensive environmental policy
04.02.2020
- World’s foremost historic rally company to team up with successful global forestry company to negate all event related emissions- Plans to build up an accurate database of historic car emissions- A commitment to plant trees more >>
MASTER SWITCH - Brochure historical events 2020, inscription
02.02.2020
  MASTER SWITCH Creators of automotive memories for over 20 years- downloadDOWNLOAD BROCHURE Events 2020 here  with as example: more >>
Hattrick für Deopitos bei der Planai-Classic 2020
06.01.2020
Winterwonderland und eine superknappe Entscheidung – Alexander und Florian Deopito gewinnen zum dritten Mal in Folge die Planai-Classic. Das Wetter meinte es gut mit der 24. Ausgabe der Planai-Classic. Rechtzeitig zum Driftspaß more >>
Rallye Neige & Glace Entry List 2020
31.12.2019
  Catégorie HISTORIC 4 roues motrices1 THOREAU Daniel THOREAU Alexandre F BMW 325 ix 1986 72 GEORGES René VANDERVORST Robert B VW Golf 1979 73 FIGUIERE Bernard GODIN Isabelle F BMW 325 IX 19 more >>
Rallye Neige & Glace Programme 2020
31.12.2019
Dimanche 26 Janvier 2020 : Vérifications administratives et techniquesEtape 1 de 160 km dont 72 km en 4 ZRPour sa 66e édition, le Rallye Neige et Glace prendra son envol du Musée de l’Aventure Peugeot dans son fief de Sochaux. Une journée de vérifications administratives et techniques, qui se termineront par more >>
66. Rallye Neige et Glace 26-29 janvier 2020
31.12.2019
Rendez-vous dans le Doubs dans un mois !Dans 27 jours exactement, le 66è Rallye Neige et Glace prendra son départ depuis le Musée Aventure Peugeot à Sochaux et retrouvera ses habitudes et son département d more >>
Formula One history galore at AvD Oldtimer Grand Prix from 7th to 9th August 2020
20.12.2019
-    Jacky Ickx guest of honour at new demo round for Ferrari F1 cars from the 70s to 90s-    Advance ticket sales underway – attractive early bird discounts-    Date for Continental Europe’s biggest classic racing festival in early August confirmed more >>
Hans Joachim Stuck im VW-Rallye Golf als Vorausauto bei der Planai-Classic!
20.12.2019
Er ist längst eine Legende des Autorennsports und ein großer Freund der Ennstal-und Planai-Classic: Hans Joachim «Strietzel» Stuck. Ganz nebenbei ist er im Sommer und Winter der große Publikums-Liebling, der Alt und Jung magnetisiert. more >>
Concorso d’Eleganza Villa d’Este 2020: Selecting Committee defines an additional class
19.12.2019
- Prelude Tour to go ahead again.- Endurance racing cars from the 1960s to the 1980s contribute excitement with functional forms and a crescendo of sound - BMW Group Classic and Grand Hotel Villa d’Este issue more >>
Viel Formel-1-Historie beim AvD-Oldtimer Grand-Prix Nürburgring vom 7. bis 9. August 2020
16.12.2019
-    Jacky Ickx Ehrengast bei neuem Demolauf für Ferrari-F1-Boliden der 70er bis 90er-    Ticketvorverkauf gestartet – attraktiver Rabatt für Frühbucher-    Termin für größtes Klassik-Rennfestival Kontinentaleuropas Anfang August bestätigt more >>
SPA Classic 2020 -facts and figures
12.12.2019
In 2020, Spa-Classic like Le Mans Classic will celebrate its 10th anniversary and will take place on 22 - 24 May on the Spa- Francorchamps circuit in Belgium. Today, this event is a must for all collec more >>
Bernard Degroote Ypres Historic Rally de retour sur la scène principale!
10.12.2019
YPRES HISTORIC RALLY 2020 "Un podium, un parc d'assistance"Le retour à Ypres du Ypres Historic Rally s'est amorcé voici deux ans. En 2020, année où le QG du Club Superstage reviendra au centre more >>
Ypres Historic Regularity 2019 - victoire Ruben Maes et Michel Perin
02.12.2019
FIA RegularityYpres, Belgium29-30 november - 1 december 2019La deuxième édition du Ypres Historic Regularity a été un nouveau succès. Côté sportif, la course est restée passionnante jusqu’ more >>
Ostbelgien Classic day 3
01.12.2019
 Reuter-Vandevorst (Porsche 944 S2) premiers lauréats de l’Ostbelgien Classic !C’est ce dimanche, sur le coup de 16 heures, que la première édition de l’Ostbelgien Classic, nouvelle épreuve de more >>
Ostbelgien Classic 2019 Day 2
01.12.2019
Les concurrents proposent, les Hautes-Fagnes disposent…La deuxième étape de l’Ostbelgien Classic 2019 était la plus longue du week-end, avec un parcours plongeant dès le petit matin au cœur de Hautes-Fag more >>
Mise à feu réussie pour l’Ostbelgien Classic 2019
30.11.2019
Cette fois, c’est parti ! C’est à 15h45 que l’édition inaugurale de l’Ostbelgien Classic a pris son envol depuis la Klötzerbahn à Eupen. Et dès la mise à feu de l’événement organisé par Michael Bartholemy et son équipe, le caractère populaire et festif de cette épreuve de régul more >>
Die ADAC Oldtimer-Wandertouren 2020
28.11.2019
Touren an der Nordsee und im Salzkammergut   Die deutsche Nordseeküste nahe der Hansestadt Bremen und das Salzkammergut um den herrlich gelegenen Wolfgangsee sind die Ziele der beliebten ADAC Oldtimer-Wandertouren im Jahr 2020. more >>
Ostbelgien Classic - 29-30/11 - 01/12 2019
26.11.2019
Clap Première !Personnalité incontournable du monde de la vitesse pure moto, Michael Bartholemy est aussi un grand amateur de rallyes de régularité pour véhicules historiques. Ce qui l’a incité à met more >>
YPRES HISTORIC Regularity 2019
25.11.2019
29-30 november - 1 december 2019FIA regularityYpres, BelgiumEst-ce son timing atypique qui nous rappelle les éditions des seventies, où le fait que les participants entament une première étape le vendredi soir, pour ne la terminer que le samedi après-midi ? Ou encore est-ce l'atmosphère unique au centre d&r more >>
20th anniversary of The Traversée de Paris Vintage Vehicles - Winter Edition
20.11.2019
Created in 1998, the organization gathers almost 1 600 members each year which represents 3 500 vehicles. The administrators are also active members of official and non-official vehicles clubs. The first Sunday of ea more >>
The legendary Fiat 600 Multipla conquers London
18.11.2019
•    FCA Heritage lends one of its prized pieces to the V&A museum: the 600 Multipla stars in the retrospective "Cars: Accelerating the Modern World"•    The car's presence in the museum's ex more >>
ZOUTE GRAND PRIX® celebrates tenth anniversary in style
23.10.2019
The tenth edition of the ZOUTE GRAND PRIX® in Knokke-Heist was one big party for car lovers. More than 250,000 visitors enjoyed some of the world’s most exclusive classic automobiles and dream cars. They included a wealth of VIPs, such as Jacky Ickx, Thierry Boutsen, Stoffel Vandoorne, Dimitri Vegas and Anouk Matton, Jean Todt, Koen Wauters, Peter Goossens and many others. These were more >>
LE MANS CLASSIC : The ticket office is open
22.10.2019
Le Mans Classic, episode 10, will be held from July 2 to 5, 2020. Amongst other novelties, the circuit will be open to the spectators as early as Thursday afternoon. For almost 100 years now the 24 Hours of Le Mans, a major catalyst in the fie more >>
The Dix Mille Tours brings down the curtain on the 2019 Series by Peter Auto
20.10.2019
  For two days (19 - 20 October) the Paul Ricard circuit hosted the Dix Mille Tours, the last round of the Series by Peter Auto. This timeless meeting paid homage the halcyon days of motor sport with more than 350 historic cars i more >>
ZOUTE GRAND PRIX® lance de nouveaux projets en 2020
16.10.2019
Après 10 ans, le ZOUTE GRAND PRIX® souhaite faire encore plus plaisir aux passionnés de voitures. Tel était le message de l’organisateur Zoute Events à l’issue de la dernière édition de l’événement. Les projets (internationaux) à venir du prestigieux festival de voitures classiques font d’ores et more >>
Ecurie Ecosse LM69 at NEC Lancaster Classic Motor Show
15.10.2019
Ecurie Ecosse LM69 to feature in special tribute to honour Norman Dewis Obe NEC Lancaster Classic Motor ShowThe LM69 stunned the guests at Hampton Court Concours of Elegance in September showing its gracious curves and poise to the public for its world debut. The more >>

STROOSSEN ENGLEN ASBL www.stroossenenglen.lu

Jobs Around the World

2001-2020 automobilsport.com full copyright