BMW Group: Emission Trading to Reduce Traffic Related CO2 Emissions

21.12.2010: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) and the BMW Group are Introducing a Study on Cap and Trade in the Transportation Sector. Biofuels, electricity, hydrogen: the world of fuels for automobiles will become even more complex

 Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) and the BMW Group are Introducing a Study on Cap and Trade in the Transportation Sector.



Biofuels, electricity, hydrogen: the world of fuels for automobiles will become even more complex in the future. Electric cars, for example, are a solution to the challenge  „Sustainable Mobility“, since they are driven locally emission-free and, therefore, no longer directly emit CO2. 

Dr. Thomas Becker, Vice President Governmental Affairs and responsible for the policy activities of BMW Group, indicates the need for different framework conditions in the medium-term:  „The relevance of the upstream emissions increases in the traffic sector: Contrary to the fuel world dominated by gasoline and diesel today, alternative fuels are produced with extremely different environmental impacts. The CO2 balance of one kilowatt hour of electricity that comes e.g. from a coal power station differs from one that was generated by wind power significantly. Hence, in order to assess the actual CO2 footprint of a certain fuel, we need the implementation of a new system."

This is particularly obvious with electricity: the CO2 emissions of electricity generated from renewable energies, such as wind, water, or sun is in contrast to electricity generated from coal or natural gas. The environmental impacts from biofuels are also defined mainly by its production. The comparability is missing, when for example electricity and a mix of fossil diesel and bio-diesel will be competing in the future for the lowest overall emissions. A long-term political framework is needed here that will address the CO2 reduction in the traffic sector comprehensively and in a transparent way for industry and consumer.

 

Study CITIES: The Solution is  Cap and Trade

According to the study „Car Industry, Road Transport and an International Emission Trading Scheme“ (CITIES) developed under the direction of Professor Ottmar Edenhofer of the globally renowned Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), the use of an instrument is now recommended that enables a treatment of the upstream emissions of fuels: Cap and Trade.

Used in Europe already within the scope of the emission trading for stationary systems, Cap and Trade can in the future effectively reduce the total CO2 emissions in the traffic sector. A total volume of CO2 will be specified that is reduced annually. Every fuel will be comprehensively assessed according to the climate impact of its production and use. CO2 certificates can be traded within the system. Thereby, reaching the CO2 targets for fuels will be simplified, while trading CO2 certificates promotes a competition for the introduction of innovative and efficient technologies.

 

Cap and Trade: An Effective Contribution to the Climate Protection in the Transport Sector


Professor Ottmar Edenhofer, the deputy director and chief economist at PIK, was authoring the study in collaboration with Dr. Felix Creutzig. He describes the significance of the results: „The study CITIES indicates how the energy sector, in addition to the innovations of the automobile industry, can contribute to sustainable mobility.


Going forward, the CO2 emissions will no longer be determined by the automobile alone, but to a large degree by the upstream energy chain. To include the emissions from the transport sector at the fuel production level will provide for a more stringent macroeconomic treatment of the greenhouse gases. Simultaneously, a maximum flexibility and economic efficiency will be guaranteed for the mitigation options. The respective responsibilities of the actors will be more precisely defined with an emission trading for fuel producers and efficiency regulation for automobile manufacturers“.


The study was commissioned and financed by the BMW Group. Dr. Thomas Becker explains: „Our task is to increase the efficiency of our products, regardless of the drive concept. The legislative bodies and our costumers rate us on that. Due to the increasing electrification of mobility and the use of biofuels and hydrogen, most of the CO2 emissions depend on the upstream and no longer on the vehicle itself. Cap and Trade is the correct lever for CO2 reduction in the upstream in an efficient, economical and ecological manner. “

 

  Important Results from the Study:

 

    * In order to reduce CO2 emissions in the transport sector, all system participants must live up to their respective responsibility. Fuel producers must reduce the CO2 content of their fuels; automobile manufacturers must increase the efficiency of their products.

 

    * The CO2 content varies considerably depending on the production method, regardless of the type of fuel used.  Automobile manufacturers have no influence on that. As a result, political instruments must be created that specifically address fuel producers and automobile manufacturers in their respective responsibilities.

 

    * The introduction of emission trading for fuels is not supposed to replace the regulations on CO2 emissions for new cars. Rather it can bring forward the additional decarbonization of the entire traffic sector in a comprehensive manner.

 

    * Electric cars should be credited with 0 gr/km CO2 within the context of regulations on fleet consumption, since the automobile manufacturers have no control over the origin of the electricity. In the longer term, an efficiency factor (i.e. MJ/km) can be used that rates the car's energy consumption technology-neutral for all kinds of propulsion systems, regardless of the respective fuel.  

 

    * The CO2 content of fuels should be regulated at the level of the fuel producers, in order to increase the efficiency of the regulation and provide incentives for CO2 reductions. 

 

    * In the light of changing conditions on the fuel market and the related CO2 emissions, Cap and Trade is suitable as an instrument to holistically realize the CO2 reduction goals in the traffic sector.

 

The complete study CITIES can be downloaded from www.bmwgroup.com/CITIES.


 The study CITIES was authored by scientists of the Technical University Berlin and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research. The department “Economics of Climate Change” at Technical University Berlin researches the relations between mobility, economics and climate change. Scientists at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research are working interdisciplinarily on researching climate change and its impacts on ecological, social and economic systems.


Professor Ottmar Edenhofer, as deputy director and chief economist, heads the field of study Sustainable Solution Strategies at PIK and has a professorship at TU Berlin. He is also co-chair of the working group III of IPCC, Dr. Felix Creutzig is the Team Leader for Sustainability and Transport Economy at the Technical University Berlin and lead author of the transportation section of the upcoming IPCC report.  

 

- Kenn Sparks-

Permanent-URL: http://www.automobilsport.com/bmw-group-emission-trading-reduce-traffic-related-co2-emissions-study-transportation-sector---86172.html

21.12.2010 / MaP

More News

YOKOHAMA Thailand erreicht „Complete Zero Emissions“
16.12.2010
Kein Müll landet mehr ungenutzt auf der Deponie   In Industrie- und Büroabfällen stecken jede Menge wiederverwertbare Rohstoffe sowie thermische Energie, welche für die Stromerzeugung oder zum Heizen verwendet werden kann. Reif more >>
BMW Group Innovation Days 2010 - CFRP – a material for the future
02.07.2010
The aerospace industry and the world of motorsport already rely heavily on carbon fibre-reinforced plastic (CFRP). This material has many advantages, which automotive engineers are increasingly exploiting wherever components need to combine high stress resistance with light weight, high stiffness and high strength. The experts at the Landshut Innovation and Te more >>
BMW Group Innovation Days 2010 - Lightweight design and the LifeDrive concept
02.07.2010
New body concepts to meet the challenges of a new mobility.Powering a vehicle electrically means more than just replacing the combustion engine with an electric drive system. The electrification of a vehicle involves far-reaching revisions to the entire body, as the electric drive system components place very different demands on the packaging space in a vehic more >>
BMW Group Innovation Days 2010 - The electric drivetrain
02.07.2010
Up to now, driving a car has always meant having a combustion engine for company. However, changes in the environment and within society have shown that using fossil fuels across all areas of daily life comes at an ecological cost. And, of course, the fuels themselves will not be available indefinitely. The BMW Group views vigorously driving forward the technical development of elec more >>
BMW Group Innovation Days 2010 - project i
02.07.2010
Based on its review of current social and environmental trends (ch. 1), in mid-2007 the BMW Group presented a new strategic roadmap for the company – the “Number One” strategy. This strategy makes a firm commitment to profitability, sustainable value creation and safeguarding the company’s independence. As well as growing the c more >>
BMW Group Innovation Days 2010 - Why electromobility?
02.07.2010
Climate change and global warming.Climate change and the global warming that comes with it are facts. The decade from 2000 to 2009 was certainly the warmest ever recorded, yet the worldwide efforts to counteract this are greater than ever too. A further rise in the average temperature would bring with it a multitude of far-reaching consequences, including the faster more >>
BMW picks up three honours at the Environmental Transport Association’s Green Car Awards 2010
23.06.2010
BMW has won three accolades at the Environmental Transport Association’s Green Car Awards 2010.  This year the Environmental Transport Association examined over 5,000 vehicles to establish the greenest cars on the market for the Green Car Awards 2010.  With class wins in the large family, off-road and luxury car categories, BMW’s EfficientDynamics programme was praised for more >>
McLaren Production Centre construction & environmental programme ahead of schedule
05.05.2010
•              £40 million McLaren Production Centre (MPC) construction programme ahead of schedule within two months•              Innovation and attention to detail in MPC construction programme reflect wider McLaren Group attitu more >>
Mercedes-Benz buses meet EEV emissions standard without diesel particulate filter
16.04.2010
    *      Environmentally-friendly Mercedes-Benz bus range    *      Benefits for transport operators and private companies more >>
Lithium Energy Japan Commits to Construction of New Plant
15.04.2010
- New Ritto Plant (Japan) to Begin Full Mass Production of Lithium-ion Batteries for 50,000 Electric Vehicles Per Year in 2012 - Lithium Energy Japan (LEJ) has decided to build a new Plant in Ritto City, Shig more >>
BMW cleans up with EfficientDynamics at the 2010 Fleet News Awards
22.03.2010
Renowned industry publication, Fleet News, has honoured BMW again for its widespread introduction of EfficientDynamics technologies, in their annual Fleet News Awards.  BMW’s EfficientDynamics programme reduces emissions and improves fuel consumption, while maintaining or increasing performance and driving enjoyment. Fleet News also gave the Best Luxury Car award to the B more >>
Mitsubishi Motors' i-MiEV awarded with the "Environment Special Grand Prize"
08.02.2010
at the 25th International Automobile Festival in ParisMitsubishi Motors Corporation has announced that its new -generation electric vehicle i-MiEV has been awarded with the “Environment Special Grand Prize” during the 25th International Automobile Festivalheld in Paris, France on February 4, 2010. The i-MiEV was selected amongst more >>
smart is the past and the present CO2 champion
06.02.2010
Record low emissions of 86 grams of CO2 per kilometre   The smart fortwo cdi is maintaining its top position among the most environmentally friendly cars with a combustion engine. The smart fortwo cdi now emits just 86 g/km of CO2 – less th more >>
BusinessCar honours BMW Group
26.01.2010
BMW has scooped seven awards from one of the country’s leading fleet publications. BusinessCar magazine has bestowed BMW with the headline honours of ‘Manufacturer of the Year’ and ‘Environmental Award of the Year’ in addition to five further product specific awards.While the BMW Group was crowned king in two main awards, MINI was award more >>
BMW Group scoops Greenest Manufacturer of the Year award
22.01.2010
The BMW Group has been named Greenest Manufacturer of the Year 2009 by one of the UK’s leading eco-motoring websites. The highly respected Green-Car-Guide.com recognises the manufacturer who has made the biggest impact in bringing lower emission cars to British car buyers each year. For 2009 BMW Group was awarded the coveted title for the second time in three years. The j more >>
Mini-Heizkraftwerk für Zuhause Toyota startet Test mit Feststoff-Brennstoffzellen-Anlagen
14.01.2010
In einem breit angelegten Feldversuch wird jetzt Toyota die Praxistauglichkeit von stationären Heizkraftwerken mit Feststoff-Brennstoffzellen-Technik (Solid-Oxide-Fuel-Cell = SOFC) für den Heimgebrauch testen. Ein Mini-Kraftwerk, das gemeinsam mit Aisin Seiki Co., Ltd., der Osaka Gas Co., Ltd. und dem Elektronikkonzern Kyocera Corporation entwickelt wurde. more >>
Clean Fuel for Automotive Vehicles Thanks to Paper Waste
12.01.2010
Danish company Haldor Topsøe, supplier of catalytic processes and technologies, reveals a technology which can transform black liquor (a waste product from paper production) into DME (DiMethyl Ether), a clean fuel but can also be used for cars. Volvo, one of the project partners, has tested DME and named it 'the preferred fuel' among the green fuels available. The project tak more >>
Mitsubishi Motors' i-MiEV voted "Ecobest 2009" by the AUTOBEST jury
12.01.2010
Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (MMC) announced that ahead its forthcoming European launch during FY2010, Mitsubishi Motors' i-MiEV electric car has been voted "Ecobest 2009" by the AUTOBEST Jury: a further acknowledgment of its "real l more >>
Vattenfall Boosts its Position in Offshore Wind in England
08.01.2010
 Vattenfall and ScottishPower Renewables have been awarded the rights to develop an offshore wind farm off the east coast of England in the North Sea. Early investigations suggest that the East Anglia Array has the potential to achieve a capacity of approximately 7.200MW. Fully utilized, it has a potential to meet the equivalent electricity needs of more >>
UK Awards Offshore Wind Farm Contract for Largest Zone to International Consortium Forewind
08.01.2010
The Forewind consortium, comprising Statoil, Statkraft, SSE (Scottish and Southern Energy) and RWE npower has been named as the successful bidder for the largest zone in the third licence round (Round 3) for UK offshore wind farms, Dogger Bank, The Crown Estate announced. The Dogger Bank zone is located off the east coast of Yorkshire between 125 and 195 kilometres offshore, and it more >>
GM First Major Automaker to Manufacture an Advanced Lithium-Ion Battery Pack in U.S.
08.01.2010
The first advanced lithium-ion battery for a mass-marketed electric vehicle by a major automaker will roll off the assembly line at GM's Brownstown Township Battery Pack Assembly Plant today. Last August, GM announced a $43 million dollar investment to prepare the 160,000-square-foot landfill-free facility for production of lithium-ion battery packs for the Volt and other electric v more >>
Analysis by the environmental institute Öko-Trend: Three awards for Mercedes-Benz
19.12.2009
The Mercedes-Benz S 400 HYBRID, the B 180 NGT and the smart mhd (micro hybrid drive) are the most environmentally friendly automobiles in their class. These are the findings from extensive analyses conducted by the independent experts at the internationally well-known environmental institute Öko-Trend. more >>
Elektro-Mobilitätsprojekt "colognE-mobil": Staatliche Förderzusage liegt jetzt vor
18.12.2009
Köln wird Modellregion für ein bundesweites Projekt zur Erprobung von Batterie-elektrischen Fahrzeugen und ihrer Infrastruktur. Die Kölner Projektpartner – die Ford-Werke GmbH, die RheinEnergie AG, die Stadt Köln sowie die Universität Duisburg-Essen – haben heute einen entsprechenden „Letter of Intent“ (LoI) erhalten, also die schriftliche Absich more >>
Volvo Cars presented a driveable electric car prototype in September 2009.
17.12.2009
The C30 now being shown in Detroit takes the company one step further in the development process. It features both a complete interior and full instrumentation, as well as enhanced battery packaging. The more >>
AUDI AG: solar power from factory roof
16.12.2009
    * Car manufacturer makes 11,600 square meters (124,861 square feet) of space available for photovoltaic systems at headquarters in        - Practical testing of innovative technologies    * Plant Manager Kössler: “A key part of our environmental strategy” more >>
Prime Minister Gordon Brown welcomes ministerial MINI E
15.12.2009
The Prime Minister, Gordon Brown, welcomed an all-electric, zero emissions MINI E to the Government car pool today in Downing Street.  The MINI E will be tested by ministers wanting to try a fully-fledged electric car in an urban environment on their official business around London.   more >>
Green technologies from the Mercedes-Benz plant in Mannheim protect the environment and safeguard jobs
10.12.2009
    *      50 Mercedes-Benz Atego BlueTec Hybrid trucks in customer use as of 2010    *      Dr. Christian Mohrdieck, Head of Fuel Cell & Battery Drive System Development: “We are developing cutting-edge drive technologies for tomorrow’s transportation needs.”&nb more >>
Oak Forest research lab: Audi sponsors unique science project
03.12.2009
    * Research project by the Technical University of Munich studies conditions for forest growth, climate protection and biodiversity    * International expansion to other Audi sites36,000 oak trees have been planted near Ingolstadt to kick-off a unique research initiative: Together with the Bavarian State Forestry and the Chair more >>
Schnelle bipolare CMOS Hall Sensoren mit Energiesparoption
23.11.2009
Die neuen N- und S-Pol empfindlichen Hall Sensor ICs der Serien S-5721A/22A/23A sind in CMOS oder N-ch-open-drain Ausgang ausgelegt. Sie ermöglichen trotz geringen Stromverbrauchs die schnelle und sichere Detektion eines Magnetfeldes. Die Detektionslogik die bei S-Pol Annäherung einen Übergang "H" nach "L" bewirkt, (N-Pol veranlasst "L" nach "H") ist bei allen gleich. more >>
With the "Seat al Sol" project
11.11.2009
SEAT’s Martorell factory becomes a benchmark for renewable energy production • A joint project with GA – Solar• The installed capacity will exceed 10 MW• The system will avoid the emission of over 6,200 tonnes of CO2 annuallyEarly next year the ‘SEAT al Sol’ project will see the light, generating clean e more >>
BMW Group tops CO2 cutting chart
07.11.2009
For the second year in a row the BMW Group has cut its average CO2 emissions per car by more than any other automotive manufacturer. According to an independent report published by the European Federation for Transport and Environment, the average reduction across the industry was 3.3 per cent, while BMW Group achieved 10.2 per cent.BMW Group’s success in reducing CO2 is thank more >>
PSA Peugeot Citroën in the fight against climate change
26.10.2009
In keeping with its continuing efforts to combat climate change, PSA Peugeot Citroën is a partner of the 6th Forum International de la Météo*, whose theme this year is "The City and Climate Change".         Last September, the Group signed on to two major international initiatives:1. "Caring for Climate", more >>
Audi uses more waste heat, produces less CO2
30.09.2009
 * Contract between carmaker, Stadtwerke Ingolstadt and Petroplus enables annual potential savings of around 26,000 metric tons of CO2 at AudiThe new waste heating contract has been signed, sealed and delivered. Member of the Audi more >>
Kyokuto Kaihatsu Kogyo "Electric Garbage Collection Truck" to be Installed with Mitsubishi EV i-MIEV
28.09.2009
Kyokuto Kaihatsu Kogyo Co., Ltd.'s "Electric Garbage Collection Truck" to be Installed with Mitsubishi Motors Corporation's Electric Vehicle Battery System- Trash Compactor to be Driven by more >>
Efficiency Challenge A to B: Audi demonstrates outstanding efficiency
25.09.2009
    * New Audi A3 1.6 TDI with consumption figures around three litres    * Impressive results from high-performance models, too    * Long-distance tour through Europe with 20 models from the Audi range more >>
Only 99 grams CO2 per kilometer: Two new models in Audi’s A3 series
22.09.2009
    * Audi A3 1.6 TDI with 99 grams CO2/km    * Innovations from the Modular Efficiency Platform    * 77 kW (105 hp) and 250 Nm of torque for powerful propulsionAudi has once again raised the efficiency bar: the new A3 1.6 TDI emits just 99 grams of CO2 per kilometer (159.33 g/mile) — thus undercutting t more >>
StatoilHydro Inaugurates World's First Full-Scale Floating Wind Turbine in the North Sea
10.09.2009
The world's first full-scale floating wind turbine, StatoilHydro's Hywind pilot, is being officially inaugurated in the North Sea. StatoilHydro is investing about NOK 340 million (approx. US$ 57m) in the project, with E more >>
Platts gibt die "Top 250" der weltweiten Energieunternehmen 2009 bekannt
11.08.2009
- Das Ranking wird im Rahmen der Top 250 Global Energy Companies Awards und Leadership Dinner anlässlich der Singapore International Energy Week bekannt gegebenPlatts, der weltweit führende Anbieter von Energieinformationen und eine Geschäftseinheit von The McGraw-Hill Companies (NYSE: MHP), wird am 16. November 2009 bei einem Ehren-Dinner in Si more >>
"Mitsubishi Motors Group Environmental Vision 2020" Roadmap Announced
08.06.2009
-"Leading the EV era, towards a sustainable future" -Looking ahead to year 2020, the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the company, Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (MMC) today announced the "Mitsubishi Motors Group Environmental Vision 2020" roadmap for its near-future environmental policy that maximizes the benefits offered by the EV*1 to Leading the EV era, t more >>
2001-2021 copyright automobilsport.com