HYBRIT: A unique, underground, fossil−free hydrogen gas storage facility is being inaugurated in Lulea

HYBRIT: A unique, underground, fossil−free hydrogen gas storage facility is being inaugurated in Lulea

16.06.2022: SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall are inaugurating HYBRIT’s pilot facility for fossil-free hydrogen gas storage at Svartöberget in Luleå, Sweden. The rock cavern storage facility is the first of its kind in the world. The inauguration ceremony marks the start of


SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall are inaugurating HYBRIT’s pilot facility for fossil-free hydrogen gas storage at Svartöberget in Luleå, Sweden. The rock cavern storage facility is the first of its kind in the world. The inauguration ceremony marks the start of the two-year test period, which will run until 2024.




The HYBRIT initiative was launched in 2016 by the three owners; SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall. The hydrogen storage facility will play a very important role in the overall value chain for fossil-free iron and steel production. Producing fossil-free hydrogen gas when there is a lot of electricity, for example when it is very windy, and using stored hydrogen gas when the electricity system is under strain, will ensure a steady production of sponge iron, the raw material behind fossil-free steel.



“Sweden will create new jobs by leading the climate change transition, and HYBRIT is a good example of doing just that with green technology and innovation. When we build the energy system of the future, we need to both take advantage of opportunities to store energy and ensure that large energy users can be flexible in their consumption. This is exactly what HYBRIT does through its unique hydrogen storage”, says Minister for Energy and Digital Development Khashayar Farmanbar.



"We want to develop HYBRIT so that it is in line with the electricity system of the future, with more weather-dependent electricity generation. The storage facility is unique and once again the HYBRIT initiative is taking the lead in the fossil-free transition. HYBRIT is very important for facing the climate challenge and enabling fossil-free living within one generation," says Andreas Regnell, Chairman of the Board, Hybrit Development AB (HDAB) and Senior Vice President and Head of Strategic Development at Vattenfall.

 

"SSAB has the opportunity to transform our operations and cut 10% of Sweden’s total carbon dioxide emissions as well as 7% of Finland’s, and this will take us one step closer to our goal. The hydrogen storage facility is an important piece of the puzzle in ensuring stable steel production and a milestone in the development of HYBRIT," says Martin Pei, CTO at SSAB.



"Hydrogen gas and its storage are central to our transition. In four years, HYBRIT technology will be used on a large scale in the first demonstration plant in Gällivare, and the plan is to then build more sponge iron factories. LKAB will therefore need to become one of Europe’s biggest hydrogen producers, and this pilot project will provide valuable knowledge for the continuing work on creating the world’s first fossil-free value chain for the iron and steel industry," says Lars Ydreskog, Senior Vice President Strategic Projects at LKAB.



"The pilot plant is important in order to really test and understand how large-scale hydrogen storage works. Storage of hydrogen gas will be an important piece of the puzzle for a fossil-free value chain for the iron and steel industry, but also in a future robust electrical system," says Klara Helstad, Head of Sustainable Industry Unit at the Swedish Energy Agency.



The technology for storing gas in a lined rock cavern (LRC) is well proven and has been used in southern Sweden for about 20 years for storing natural gas. Now the technology is taking a step forward by thea development for storage of hydrogen gas, and the storage facility will also be used more dynamically, being filled and emptied at pace with the hydrogen production.



The pilot plant has a size of 100 cubic metres. At a later stage, a full-scale hydrogen gas storage facility measuring 100,000 to 120,000 cubic metres may be required, in which case it will be able to store up to 100 GWh of electricity converted to hydrogen gas, which is sufficient to supply a full-sized sponge iron factory for three to four days.



Using HYBRIT technology, SSAB can reduce Sweden’s carbon dioxide emissions by 10 percent. SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall invest a total of SEK 259 million in the hydrogen storage itself, divided into three equal parts, and the Swedish Energy Agency contributes with SEK 72 million.




Facts about the hydrogen gas storage facility:




    Construction of the hydrogen gas storage facility began in May 2021. Hydrogen storage will be tested in the storage facility using known technology known as LRC (Lined Rock Cavern). This means the gas is stored underground in a rock cavern whose walls are lined with a selected material as a sealing layer.

 

    The fossil-free hydrogen gas is produced by water electrolysis using fossil-free electricity.


    It's important to build in rock of a type that maintains its good qualities. For example, the bedrock in Svartöberget consists mainly of amphibolite with elements of pegmatite and red granite.



    The rock cavern in Svartöberget where the gas is stored is about 30 metres below ground level and 100 metres from the entrance.






Facts about the HYBRIT project:



    With the HYBRIT initiative, SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall intend to create a completely fossil-free value chain from mine to finished steel, with fossil-free pellets, fossil-free electricity and hydrogen.


    HYBRIT technology replaces the blast furnace process, which uses coal to remove oxygen from the iron ore, with a direct reduction process that uses fossil-free hydrogen gas. Instead of carbon dioxide, the by-product turns into water.


    The pilot plant for the production of sponge iron in Luleå was commissioned on 31 August 2020 and the next step is planned for 2026 with a demonstration plant for the production of fossil-free sponge iron on an industrial scale in Gällivare.


    In August 2021, SSAB produced the world’s first fossil-free steel, produced using HYBRIT technology, and delivered to the customer.


 

 

- Vattenfall also photos

Permanent-URL: http://www.automobilsport.com/hybrit-underground-fossil-free-hydrogen-gas-storage-lulea---238860.html

16.06.2022 / MaP

More News

Toyota, Air Liquide and CaetanoBus join forces to accelerate the development of hydrogen mobility in Europe
17.05.2022
·       Memorandum of Understanding has been signed by Toyota Motor Europe, Air Liquide and CaetanoBus for the expansion of hydrogen mobility ·       Agreement aims for closer cooperation in developing opportunities for hydrogen mobility projects in several European countries·& more >>
Major new initiatives to be launched at first ever Green Hydrogen Global Assembly in Barcelona
10.05.2022
The Green Hydrogen Organisation is excited to announce the first-ever Green Hydrogen Global Assembly and Exhibition, to be held in Barcelona on 17 and 18 May 2022. The assembly, co-hosted by the Spanish government, comes at a critical moment in hist more >>
HYVIA back to Hyvolution with Renault Master Chassis Cab H2-TECH
09.05.2022
    For the second consecutive year, HYVIA, the joint venture between Renault Group and Plug Power dedicated to hydrogen mobility, participates in the HyVolution tradeshow, the major event for hydrogen professionals in France and Europe, on May 11 and 12 (Paris Event Center - booth J22). more >>
Yanmar Highlights Progress on Sustainability Initiatives
23.04.2022
The Yanmar Group headquarters, the YANMAR FLYING-Y BUILDING is targeting zero-emissions.Yanmar is undertaking a range of activities in pursuit of a sustainable society, under its Brand Statement of A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE. From the development of new energy more >>
Tapping the Potential Within 100% Hydrogen-Powered Engines
17.02.2022
Developing a V8 high-performance hydrogen engine under commission from longtime partner Toyota Motor CorporationYamaha Motor has been commissioned by Toyota Motor Corporation to develop a 5.0-liter V8 engine for automobiles that is fueled entire more >>
BAC joins forces with Viritech to bring innovative hydrogen powertrain technology to Mono
28.01.2022
    BAC manufactures the renowned Mono supercar and are leaders in new automotive material technology    Viritech are cleantech pioneers leading the development of hydrogen powertrain solutions for the automotive, aerospace, marine an more >>
Toyota bets big on hydrogen for transition to carbon-neutrality, says GlobalData
17.11.2021
Toyota is betting big on hydrogen technology in automobiles, both through fuel-cell EVs (FCEVs) and the hydrogen-powered engines, in a bid to become a carbon-neutral company, observes GlobalData, a leading data and analytics company. Recently, Toyota, Kawasaki, Subaru, Mazd more >>
HYVIA reveals two new hydrogen commercial vehicle prototypes for 2022
17.11.2021
   HYVIA unveils two new Hydrogen Light Commercial Vehicle prototypes with zero CO2 emissions*, increased range and five-minute refuelling time       The Renault Master Chassis Cab H2-TECH delivers a range of 155 mile more >>
Electric vehicles could be powered by Hydrogen harvested from sewage
04.11.2021
· Hydrogen is valuable as it is a renewable source, and could be sold to the chemicals and plastics industry or used in hydrogen fuel cells for energy storage or electric vehicles· The ability to take hydrogen from waste water provides a new economic and environmental opportunity, however until now it has been incredibly expensive to suffice more >>
HYVIA unveils its first hydrogen prototypes
15.10.2021
HYVIA unveils Renault Master Van H2-TECH prototype        Zero CO2 emissions*, increased range, and fast refuelling time.      &n more >>
Hopium Announces 1000 Vehicles Booked and an On-Board Turnover of 120M € Expected by 2025
28.09.2021
French car manufacturer Hopium, gladly reports the registration of the first 1,000 pre-orders for the Hopium Māchina, its high-end hydrogen-powered sedan. This announcement follows the presentation in Paris on June 17th of Alpha 0, the first rolling prototype, which led to the opening of an order book for 1,000 numbered units.    more >>
Hyundai aims to re-energize commercial vehicle market with hydrogen fuel cell technology, says GlobalData
13.09.2021
Following the news that South Korean automaker Hyundai plans to offer hydrogen fuel cell versions of all its commercial vehicles by 2028; Bakar Sadik Agwan, Senior Automotive Consulting Analyst at GlobalData, a leading data and analytics company, offers his v more >>
Hyundai Motor Group sets out vision for hydrogen energy
13.09.2021
The Hyundai Motor Group has set out its vision for hydrogen energy and a global hydrogen society, and its plans to popularize hydrogen by 2040 through the introduction of new technologies and mobility solutions in transportation and other industrial sectors. more >>
GreenGT S.A. and KAMAZ forge closer ties through hydrogen mobility
13.09.2021
Swiss engineering group GreenGT and Russian manufacturer KAMAZ have confirmed their interest in the joint development of electric-hydrogen-powered trucks and have laid the first stone of a long-term commercial collaboration.GreenGT, pioneer in the design and developme more >>
Hyundai Motor Group to Unveil its Future Vision for Hydrogen Society at the ‘Hydrogen Wave’ Global Forum in September
26.08.2021
  Hyundai Motor Group (the Group) to host the forward-thinking ‘Hydrogen Wave’ global forum online on September 7       Three short videos teased ahead of the forum now available on the Group’s Y more >>
At Tokyo 2020, hydrogen shows promise of a carbon−free future
18.07.2021
  Lighting the Olympic cauldron formally marks the end of the torch relay and symbolises the continuity between the ancient and modern Games. At Tokyo 2020, it will also mark the Olympic Movement’s commitment to a more sustainable world: this will be the first time in Olympic history th more >>
Kia and Hyundai Motor Collaborate with Next Hydrogen to Develop Advanced Alkaline Water Electrolysis System
09.07.2021
    Kia, Hyundai Motor and Next Hydrogen sign MOU to develop an advanced alkaline water electrolysis system that helps produce green hydrogen economically    The companies aim to develop a more efficient stack for the system, and explore potential technological applications and commercial arrangements in the future   more >>
HYVIA: The new path to green hydrogen mobility
07.07.2021
    ‘HY’ for hydrogen, ‘VIA’ for road: HYVIA paves a new way forward for the carbon-free mobility ecosystem.      Green hydrogen from electrolysis of water enables mobility with more >>
Daimler Truck AG and Volvo Group fully committed to hydrogen-based fuel-cells
29.04.2021
– launch of new joint venture cellcentricToday, two leaders of the commercial vehicle industry – Daimler Truck AG and Volvo Group – officially outlined their pioneering roadmap for the new fuel-cell joint venture cellcentric, as more >>
Hyundai Motor Group Breaks Ground on First Overseas Fuel Cell System Plant in Guangzhou
02.03.2021
    The Group’s first overseas fuel cell system facility, HTWO Guangzhou, breaks ground today       Guangdong Province secretary Li Xi, Guangdong Province Governor Ma Xing Rui and more >>
Groupe Renault and Faurecia to collaborate on hydrogen storage systems
19.02.2021
Faurecia and Groupe Renault today announced their decision to collaborate on hydrogen storage systems for hydrogen light commercial vehicles.  Starting at the end of 2021, Faur more >>
Hyundai Motor Group Advances Hydrogen Strategy with New Fuel Cell System Plant in Guangzhou
15.01.2021
  Hyundai’s first offshore fuel cell system plant to be built in Guangzhou, China    Construction to begin next month, to be completed in the second half of 2022       New plant will more >>
2001-2022 copyright automobilsport.com