Bahrain International Circuit stats and facts

Bahrain International Circuit stats and facts

10.04.2017: Total number of race laps: 57 Complete race distance: 308.238





•    Total number of race laps: 57


•    Complete race distance: 308.238 kilometers (191.53 miles)


•    Pit lane speed limit: 80 kph (50 mph)


•    This 5.412-kilometer (3.363-mile), 15-turn Bahrain International Circuit has hosted Formula One since 2004, with last year’s Bahrain Grand Prix serving as the venue’s 12th grand prix. (The 2011 race was canceled.)


•    Pedro de la Rosa holds the race lap record at Bahrain (1:31.447), set in 2005 with McLaren.


•    Lewis Hamilton holds the qualifying lap record at Bahrain (1:29.493), set in 2016 with Mercedes in Q3.



•    The Bahrain International Circuit is a purpose-built Formula One facility. Debuting in 2004, Bahrain was the first grand prix to be held in the Middle East. The circuit is known for massive run-off areas, with substantial track width across its layout. This encourages overtaking, but has been criticized for not punishing drivers who make mistakes and stray off course. Since the track is located in the middle of the desert, sand can pose a problem – to the level of grip on the racetrack and to the performance of the car, with the engine’s air filters checked thoroughly and often. The race takes place near dusk and finishes under the lights, with the temperature swing from the heat of day to the cool of night adding another variable to a car’s setup and adjustability.



•    DYK? Although alcoholic beverages are legal in Bahrain, drivers do not spray the traditional champagne on the podium. Instead, race organizers provide drivers with Waard, a non-alcoholic drink made from rosewater and pomegranate.


•    During the course of the Bahrain Grand Prix, lows will range from 25-26 degrees Celsius (77-79 degrees Fahrenheit) to highs of 30-35 degrees Celsius (86-95 degrees Fahrenheit). Relative humidity ranges from 35 percent (comfortable) to 82 percent (humid), with a dew point varying from 11 degrees Celsius/51 degrees Fahrenheit (very comfortable) to 21 degrees Celsius/70 degrees Fahrenheit (muggy). The dew point is rarely below 5 degrees Celsius/41 degrees Fahrenheit (dry) or above 24 degrees Celsius/75 degrees Fahrenheit (muggy). Typical wind speeds vary from 5-27 kph/3-17 mph (light air to moderate breeze), rarely exceeding 42 kph/26 mph (strong breeze).
 




 •    Pirelli is bringing three tire compounds to Bahrain:



o    P Zero White medium – less grip, less wear (used for long-race stints)


-  This is Pirelli’s most balanced tire, with an ideal compromise between performance and durability. It is extremely versatile, but it often comes into its own on circuits that tend toward high speeds, high temperatures and high-energy loadings. It is a low working-range compound.



o    P Zero Yellow soft – more grip, medium wear (used for shorter-race stints and for initial portion of qualifying)


-    This is one of the most frequently used tires in Pirelli’s range, as it strikes a balance between performance and durability, with the accent on performance. It is still geared toward speed rather than long distances, but it remains capable of providing teams with a competitive advantage at the beginning of the race where cars are carrying a full fuel load, and at the end of the race where the fuel load is much lighter and the race effectively becomes a sprint. It is a high working-range compound.



o    P Zero Red supersoft – highest amount of grip, highest amount of wear (used for qualifying and select race situations)



-    This is the second softest tire in Pirelli’s range, and it is ideal for tight and twisting circuits, especially in cold weather when maximum grip is needed. The supersofts warm up rapidly, which has made it a stalwart choice for qualifying. But with increased grip comes increased degradation. It is a low working-range compound.



•    Two of the three available compounds must be used during the race. Teams are able to decide when they want to run which compound, adding an element of strategy to the race. A driver can also use all three sets of Pirelli tires in the race, if they so desire. (If there are wet track conditions, the Cinturato Blue full wet tire and the Cinturato Green intermediate tire will be made available.)


•    Pirelli provides each driver 13 sets of dry tires for the race weekend. And for the first five grands prix of 2017, Pirelli sets the allotments – two sets of the hardest tire available, four sets of the medium compound and seven sets of the softest tire. Come the sixth race of the year at Monaco, teams will be able to choose the specifications of 10 of its 13 sets from the three compounds Pirelli selected.


 

 
Mike Arning photos Formula1

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10.04.2017 / MaP

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